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Пятница, 19.07.2024


Микромощные DC-DC преобразователи серии KB
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Список терминов Версия для печати Отправить на E-mail

Список терминов использующихся при работе с системами автоматизированного проектирования.

Glossary of Terms

Analog Circuit – an electrical circuit that provides a continuous quantitative output as a response from its input.

Automated Test Equipment (ATE) – equipment that automatically tests and analyzes functional parameters to evaluate performance of the tested electronic devices.

Built-In Self Test – an electrical testing method that allows the tested devices to test itself with specific added-on hardware.

CAD – Computer Aided Design.

CAM – Computer Aided Manufacturing.

Chip – the individual circuit or component of a silicon wafer, the leadless form of an electronic component.

Design For Manufacturing (DFM) – checks that ensure that the design fits the fabrication process requirements.
DFM includes a check for minimal trace width, minimal trace-to-trace distance, minimal hole clearance, etc.

Dielectric – an insulating medium between conductors.

DIP – dual in-line package with two rows of leads from the base in standard spacing between the leads and row. DIP is a through-hole mounting package.

DRC – Design Rule Check.

Edge Connector – a connector on the circuit-substrate edge in the form of plated pads or lines of coated holes used to connect other circuit board or electronic device.

Electronic Component – a part of the printed circuit board, such as resistor, capacitor, transistor, etc.

Fine Pitch – fine pitch is more commonly referred to surface-mount components with a lead pitch of 25 mils or less.

Footprint – geometry of pads for soldering certain electronic component.

Functional Test – the electrical testing of an assembled electronic device with simulated function generated by the test hardware and software.

Gerber File – data file used to control a photo-plotter.

Ground Plane – a conductive plane as a common ground reference in a multilayer board for current returns of the circuit elements and shielding.

IC – Integrated Circuit.

In-Circuit Test – electrical test of individual component or part of the circuit board instead of testing the whole circuit.

Leakage Current – A small amount of current that flows across a dielectric area between two adjacent conductors.

Legend – Printed letters or symbols on the board, such as part numbers and product number or logos.

Minimum Conductor Width – The smallest width of any conductors, such as traces, on a board.

Minimum Conductor Space – The smallest distance between any two adjacent conductors, such as traces, on a board.

Net – a set of pads that are to be connected electrically on the board.

Netlist – List of parts and their connection points which are connected in each net of a circuit.

NPTH – Non-plated through-hole.

Pad – Metallized area of the board for connection and attachment of electronic components.

PCB – Printed Circuit Board.

Pin (pinout) – part of an electronic component which is soldered to the board.

Pitch – the center-to-center spacing between conductors, such as pads and pins, on a board.

Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC) – a component package with J-leads.

PTH (plated-through hole) – a plated hole used as a conducting interconnection between different layers or sides of a board either used as connection for through-hole component or as a via.

Routing (tracing) – the process of placing electronic connections (traces) between pads on the board.

Signal layer – layer of a board, in which traces can be placed. For a two-sided board two signal layers are available – the Top and the Bottom layers.

Silk screen - a layer designed for placing legend elements on the top or bottom side of the board. Two corresponding layers are available – the Top Silk and the Bottom Silk.

Small Outline Integrated Circuit (SOIC) – an integrated circuit with two parallel rows of pins in surface mount package.

SMD – Surface Mount Device.

SMT – Surface Mount Technology.

Test Point – a specific point in a circuit board used for specific testing for functional adjustment or quality test in the circuit-based device.

Thermal pad – pad of a special form used when it is connected to copper pours. Thermal pads improve solderability of the joint, reducing the chance of a so called "cold solder joint".

Through-hole – a drilled hole in the board, usually for mounting purposes.

Trace (or Route) – a layout or wiring of an electrical connection.

UL – Underwriter’s Laboratories. A popular safety standard for electrical devices supported by many underwriters.

Via – a plated-through hole used for interconnection of conductors on different sides or layers of a circuit board.

Wave Soldering – a manufacturing operation in which solder joints are soldered simultaneously using a wave of molten solder.